A Federal Republic of Nigeria is the goal of our founding fathers. In a Federation, there are federative units. Federating units are to be completely independent in managing their internal affairs while cooperating to maintain a federal government based on agreed needs. The duty and powers of a federal government, wherever it may be, are essentially “to levy taxes, regulate commerce, establish a uniform law of naturalization, establish federal courts (subordinate to the Supreme Court), establish and maintain an army and declare war”. Essentially, therefore, they must simply protect, project and maintain the country in a good and noble position among the community of nations; organize and maintain the armed forces, internal security, currency, foreign affairs, etc.
The federating units at Independence in 1960 were the regions. Eventually balkanized into states by the military government, the states are now the unifying units and none of the states have forgotten their regional affiliations. Their internal affairs, choices and identity are meant to be independently regulated as seen fit for the welfare of the citizens.
The military incursion into the government, which should have been declared a âcrime against humanityâ by the United Nations since then, put an end to the ideal of a federal republic. The military, with its brutal and irresponsible governance, has remained around 30 of our 62 years since independence and, after its own regimented “top-down” chain of command changed the operating system to a unitary one with an all-powerful federal government at the helm. center. When oil was discovered and âfreeâ oil rent replaced taxation of citizensâ productivity as the basis of governance, the die was cast for Nigeriaâs continued underdevelopment and all the miseries and tribulations that come with it. . They have overseen every return to ‘civilian rule’ by dictating the tone – having produced the most powerful of the elite through corrupt processes; write constitutions in their preferred unitary, anti-federal, anti-people, anti-productive mode.
Since the return to “democratic” rule 23 years ago in 1999, only two CEOs from the federated states have undermined the last anti-federation constitution (1999 Constitution as amended), regarding states’ rights choice and identity in this matter. of the prosperity of his people: Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu leads the way in Lagos, and Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola succeeds him in Osun.
In 2003, Tinubu created 37 more local governments, not as LCDAs then, but as LGs, which the state has the right to do. The majority of the country’s elite who were against restructuring into a true federation were shaken, a few who were emboldened by Tinubu’s measures lined up. Then the all-powerful Unitary Federal Government descended on the Lagos government, seizing its LG allowances from Federation accounts. The other states that took the queue deflated and returned to the status quo. Tinubu did not and the Lagos government went to court, winning all the way to the Supreme Court. Although the court upheld the rights of Lagos, the federal government and the National Assembly have never done so so far, and only the 20 LGAs remain recognized due to a false federalism rooted in shared rights. oil money which they believe will become complicated; despite the fact that one LCDA in Alimosho alone is equivalent to more than five LGAs (arbitrarily created by the military) in many other states and geopolitical areas, which raise independent funds (oil money) from the accounts allocation from the federation.
Likewise, for its people and industries who have been traumatized by inept power supplies from the national grid, Tinubu has made a bold move for independent power generation for Lagos through the ENRON initiative. He suffered similar frustrations from the central government.
Rauf Aregbesola, as governor of Osun, was similarly persecuted and even accused of attempts to